Agricultural Science and Soil Sciences

This review explores the profound ramifications of climate change on food security in Nigeria through a comprehensive vulnerability assessment. As a nation heavily reliant on agriculture, Nigeria faces escalating challenges exacerbated by shifting climatic patterns. This study employs a multi-faceted approach to analyze the intricate interplay between climate change and food security, considering both current and projected impacts. Utilizing a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, the research evaluates the vulnerability of key agricultural regions, examining variations in temperature, precipitation, and extreme weather events. The findings underscore a heightened susceptibility of crop yields and livestock production to climatic anomalies, presenting a clear threat to the nation's food supply chain. Moreover, the study delves into the socio-economic dimensions of vulnerability, scrutinizing the adaptive capacity of local communities and the efficacy of existing policies. Identifying vulnerable populations and regions is crucial for targeted interventions and policy formulation. The study however, discusses potential adaptation strategies, emphasizing the importance of sustainable agricultural practices, climate-resilient crop varieties, and community-based initiatives.

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