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September 2021 Vol. 9 No.9

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 9(9) pp. 369-373, September, 2021 

Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5526468


Original Research Article

Mature Cataract A Catastrophe! What Is Needed? A Cross Sectional Study among Diagnosed Cataract Patients

 
 
 

Ramisha Jamil1, Ahmed Sohail2*, Ubaidullah Jan3, Dr. Sidra Hasnain4, Rimsha Naveed5

 

1Department of Allied Health Sciences, Superior University, Lahore.
2Department of Allied Health Sciences, Superior University, Lahore.
3Department of Allied Health Sciences, Superior University, Lahore.
4Head of Department, Department of Allied Health Sciences, Superior University, Lahore.
5Department of Ophthalmology, CMH, Sialkot.

*Corresponding Author's E-mail: sohailmkd12@gmail.com

Received: 24 August 2021  I  Accepted: 21 September 2021  I  Published: 27 September 2021  I  Article ID: MRJMMS21077
Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.

 

Abstract

 

Mature cataract is a leading cause of preventable blindness over the globe. Complications include secondary lens-induced glaucoma and ultimately loss of vision if left untreated. Lens leakage and enlarged lens size causes blockage of irido-corneal angle that disturbs the aqueous outflow and leads to increased intra ocular pressure. The objective is to access the barriers among patients for cataract extraction presenting in LRBT hospital, Lahore. A cross-sectional study was conducted in LRBT hospital, Lahore between March and June 2021. It includes sample of rural and urban population visiting the hospital of age above 50. Questionnaire consisting of problems assessing the knowledge about cataract, willingness for cataract extractions and barriers for cataract extraction were used. Out of 313 patients,154(49.0%) were males and 159 (50.26%) were females. 76(24.2%) patients had cataract diagnosed 1 year ago, 74(23.6%) patients were diagnosed more than 1 year, 67(21.3%) patients were diagnosed 2 years or before and 31(9.9%) were diagnosed 5 years or before. Out of 313 patients, 136(43.3%) patients were willing for cataract extraction and 177(56.4%) patients were not willing for cataract extraction. Out of 313 patients, 117(37.3%) were aware of complications of cataract if left untreated and 196(62.4%) were not aware. 29(9.2%) patients were guided by physician, 36(11.5%) patients were aware bysocial media, 36(11.5%) were guided by their relatives and 26(8.3%) patients were taught by community health workers. Out of 313 patients, 67(21.3%)were not willing for cataract extraction due to cost of surgery, 58(18.5%) patients were phobic to surgery, 132(42%) had no knowledge about complications of cataract and 56(17.8%) claim they donít need surgery as they can perform daily visual tasks easily. People visiting the hospital diagnosed with cataract age above 50 possessed poor knowledge about complications of cataract if it left untreated and their willingness for cataract extraction was poor due to barriers.

Keywords: Mature cataract, Lens-induced glaucoma, Phacolytic and phacomorphic glaucoma













 



 









 















































 
























 







 








 





















 









































































 










 







































 










 

 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
                         

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