September 2021 Vol. 9 No.9
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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical
Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 9(9) pp.
Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright
of this article
Original Research Article
Mature Cataract A
Catastrophe! What Is Needed? A Cross Sectional Study among
Diagnosed Cataract Patients
Ubaidullah Jan3, Dr.
1Department of Allied Health Sciences,
Superior University, Lahore.
2Department of Allied Health Sciences, Superior
3Department of Allied Health Sciences, Superior
4Head of Department, Department of Allied Health
Sciences, Superior University, Lahore.
5Department of Ophthalmology, CMH, Sialkot.
*Corresponding Author's E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 24 August 2021 I Accepted: 21
September 2021 I Published: 27 September 2021
I Article ID: MRJMMS21077
Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the
copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the
Creative Commons Attribution
Mature cataract is
a leading cause of preventable blindness over the globe.
Complications include secondary lens-induced glaucoma and
ultimately loss of vision if left untreated. Lens leakage and
enlarged lens size causes blockage of irido-corneal angle that
disturbs the aqueous outflow and leads to increased intra ocular
pressure. The objective is to access the barriers among patients
for cataract extraction presenting in LRBT hospital, Lahore. A
cross-sectional study was conducted in LRBT hospital, Lahore
between March and June 2021. It includes sample of rural and
urban population visiting the hospital of age above 50.
Questionnaire consisting of problems assessing the knowledge
about cataract, willingness for cataract extractions and
barriers for cataract extraction were used. Out of 313
patients,154(49.0%) were males and 159 (50.26%) were females.
76(24.2%) patients had cataract diagnosed 1 year ago, 74(23.6%)
patients were diagnosed more than 1 year, 67(21.3%) patients
were diagnosed 2 years or before and 31(9.9%) were diagnosed 5
years or before. Out of 313 patients, 136(43.3%) patients were
willing for cataract extraction and 177(56.4%) patients were not
willing for cataract extraction. Out of 313 patients, 117(37.3%)
were aware of complications of cataract if left untreated and
196(62.4%) were not aware. 29(9.2%) patients were guided by
physician, 36(11.5%) patients were aware bysocial media,
36(11.5%) were guided by their relatives and 26(8.3%) patients
were taught by community health workers. Out of 313 patients,
67(21.3%)were not willing for cataract extraction due to cost of
surgery, 58(18.5%) patients were phobic to surgery, 132(42%) had
no knowledge about complications of cataract and 56(17.8%) claim
they donít need surgery as they can perform daily visual tasks
easily. People visiting the hospital diagnosed with cataract age
above 50 possessed poor knowledge about complications of
cataract if it left untreated and their willingness for cataract
extraction was poor due to barriers.
Keywords: Mature cataract, Lens-induced glaucoma,
Phacolytic and phacomorphic glaucoma