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February 2021 Vol. 9 No.2

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Shahzadi S
Amin MA

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 9(2) pp. 145-153, February, 2021 

Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4562864

Original Research Article

The Beliefs and Attitudes of the Experience of Menstruation in Female Students at the University of Lahore


Sidra Shahzadi1*, Muhammad Hussain2, Muhammad Afzal3 and Syed Amir Gilani4, Muhammad Asim Amin5


1BS Nursing, Lahore School of Nursing, The University of Lahore, PO box 54000, Lahore, Pakistan
2Associate Professor, Lahore School of Nursing, the University of Lahore, PO box 54000, Lahore, Pakistan
3Associate Professor, Lahore School of Nursing, the University of Lahore, PO box 54000, Lahore, Pakistan
4Professor, FAHS the University of Lahore, PO box 54000, Lahore, Pakistan.
5BSN, MPH, The University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, PO box 54000,Lahore, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author Email: sidrashahzadi1873@gmail.com

Received: 05 January 2021  I  Accepted: 14 February 2021  I  Published: 25 February 2021  I  Article ID: MRJMMS-21-011
Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.




Menstruation is a physical phenomenon related with reproductive function. The word "menstruation" is derived from the Italian word "menses" meaning moon, which also lasts about 28 days with reference to the lunar cycle. Its onset fundamentally alters the life of a young woman. In the entire world, menstruation has always been influenced by multiple perceptions. The objective of this study is to identify the beliefs and attitudes of the experience of menstruation among female students. A descriptive cross sectional study was done. Students who were full time participants of class, enrolled in their subjects, present students and those that were willing to participate in this study by signing consent were included. The students that were not willing to participate and those absent from class were excluded in this study. Sample size of n=150 undergraduate students of the nursing department were taken by using convenient sampling. 5 point Likert scale base self-administered questionnaire was used for collection of data. Human subject protection was made sure throughout the study by keeping participants identity confidential. Data were analyzed using software SPSS (statistical package for social science studies) version 21. Results were reported and there were important relations between a particular population and the level of confidentiality as well as preparedness level and level of comfort, discomfort and impairment menstruation-associated. Results have also shown substantial variations between regular menarche on the degree of impairment related to menstruation and late onset. The findings of this study have shown that female students have ample information from their mother and family about menstruation. They know it is upsetting their lives, but it's important for women's lives. They think of it as the feminine aspect of life. Pakistani girls feel insecure about communicating with others about menstruation.

Keywords: Attitudes, Beliefs, Menstruation, Female Students











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