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July 2020 Vol. 8 No.7

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Mathkhor AJ
Khudhairy AS

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 8(7) pp. 313-318, July, 2020 

Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3961707

Original Research Article

Fibromyalgia in patients with acne vulgaris


Abdlsatar J. Mathkhor1, Jinan Q. Mohammed2, Hasanain H. Nasrullah3, Abdulnasser H. Abdullah4 and Amer S. Khudhairy5


1Rheumatologist. Rheumatology unit in Basrah Teaching Hospital Basrah. Iraq
2Dermatologist. Dermatology unit in Basrah Teaching Hospital Basrah. Iraq
3Rheumatologist. Rheumatology unit in Alshifaa General Hospital
4Rheumatologist, Rheumatology unit in Al sader Teaching Hospital, Basrah. Iraq
5Rheumatologist, Rheumatology unit in Alfayhaa Teaching Hospital, Basrah. Iraq

*Corresponding Author's E-mail: amathkhoor@yahoo.co.uk

Received: 07 July 2020  I  Accepted: 22 July 2020  I  Published: 28 July 2020
Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.




Widespread pain and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) are observed in many patients with autoimmune and inflammatory disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of fibromyalgia and its associated symptoms in patients with acne vulgaris. Ninety-one patients with acne vulgaris and 84 sex and age matched controls were enrolled for the study, the mean age and disease duration of the patient group were 21.75±2.1 and 6.5 ±1.5 years respectively. Acne vulgaris was evaluated by using the Global Acne Scale. A two stage classification process was applied to determine the presence of FMS in patients with acne vulgaris and controls. Stage 1: was answering the diffuse widespread pain questionnaire. In Stage 2, all patients with wide spread pain were examined for 18 tender points. A total of 35 (38.4%) patients with acne vulgaris were found to have widespread pain. A total of 21 patients met the criteria of FMS with a prevalence rate of 23.0%; of them, 18 (85.7%) were women. FMS and its associated symptoms are more prevalent in patients with acne vulgaris than in the general population. Women with acne vulgaris are more frequently affected by FMS. FMS was found to be associated with the severity of acne, and overweight.

Keywords: Acne vulgaris, Autoimmune, Fibromyalgia associated symptoms, Global acne score, Menstrual irregularity, Rheumatic diseases, Skin, Widespread pain










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