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August 2020 Vol. 8 No.8

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 8(8) pp. 432-447, August, 2020 

Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4003695

Original Research Article

Qualitative Adverse Health Experience Associated with Pesticides Usage among Farmers from Kura, Kano State, Nigeria


Isah Hussain Muhammad1,3, Raimi Morufu Olalekan1,2, Sawyerr Henry Olawale1, Odipe Oluwaseun Emmanuel1, Bashir Bala Getso3, Suleiman Haladu4


1Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria.
1,2Department of Community Medicine, Environmental Health Unit, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
3Kano State College of Health Sciences and Technology, Nigeria.
4African Field Epidemiology Network. (AFENET) Kano State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author's Email:ola07038053786@gmail.com

Received: 06 August 2020  I  Accepted: 27 August 2020  I  Published: 31 August 2020  I  Article ID: MRJMMS-20-127
Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.




The battle to combat pesticide use in Kano State appears uppermost in the mind of the state government. Efforts are therefore, geared towards effective protection of the human and environmental rehabilitation. Hence, understanding the health and environmental risks posed by chemicals pesticides released into the environment is an important context for decision making in which emerging data streams may play a significant role. Over the following year, a range of studies that evaluated the potential impacts of chemical pesticides on development and growth in areas of skin irritation, hypersensitivity, reproductive abnormalities, neurological and behavioral disorders, cancer, premature hair greying, miscarriages, DNA mutation and genetic damage, and effects on biological processes can be the results of pesticide contamination in water, and food commodities. In such circumstances, it is critically important to interpret information from rapid assessments into forms that place high value on health protection and err on the side of precaution. This study assesses the effect and health problems associated with exposure to pesticides application among farmers in Kano State, Nigeria. A structure questionnaire was developed focusing on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge and experience of adverse health effects related to pesticide use, details of work practices and an inventory of pesticides used on the farm. Of the 400 copies of questionnaire administered 392 copies representing 98% of the administered questionnaire was retrieved and found useable. Majority of the respondents (76.9%) were aware of the side effect of the use of pesticides with only 23.1% of the respondents not aware of the side effect of pesticide use, it can be deduced that less than half of the farmers who use insecticides are aware of its effect on the environment. This results add to the body of literature that examined the effect and health problems associated with exposure to pesticides application among farmers in Kano state, Nigeria. A far better solution would be to conduct testing prior to commercial use or storage of a chemical to ensure that the information is complete and immediately available in the event of an environmental release. An example of this trend highlights the potential to develop health and environmental fate/exposure data to make rapid predictions of chemical effects upon release into the environment during an emergency. This will help demonstrate new methods to support decisions about chemicals in the environment. Although, there is a need to consider both the scientific validity of the new methods and the values applied to a given decision using this new information to ensure that the new approaches are used to improve public health and environmental protection. Additional research on biomarkers of exposure may be required to provide a comprehensive assessment of the risks of environmental pollution to farmers in Kano State.

Keywords: Public health and Environmental Protection, Biomarkers, Farmers, Chemical Pesticides, Potential Impacts, Genetic damage.











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