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August 2020 Vol. 8 No.8

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Haq A
Dalili H

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 8(8) pp. 384-395, August, 2020 

Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3996283


COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges to Oral Physician and Future of Dentistry


Dr. Abdul Haq*, Dr. Abul Khair Zalan, Dr. Anser Maxood, Dr. Adil Zaheer, Dr. Miraat Anser and Dr. Haroon Dalili


BDS (Baqai Dental College, Karachi), Ex House Officer (Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences PIMS, Islamabad)

*Corresponding Author's E-mail: drabdul.haq15@gmail.com
Phone: 00923149096181

Received: 16 July 2020  I  Accepted: 06 August 2020  I  Published: 24 August 2020  I  Article ID: MRJMMS-20-111
Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.




This article aims to provide a brief overview of origin, epidemiology, causative agent, common sign and symptoms, and route of transmission of COVID-19.Besides challenges to oral physicians and providing comprehensive guidelines and protocols of international health care institutions for managing dental patients during and after pandemic. In 21st century so far COVID-19 is the most robust and most crucial global public health challenge to the world community. It has influenced every aspect of life and every profession worldwide directly or indirectly. It was first discovered in Wuhan, China in Dec 2019.1 Initially, the disease was epidemic in China but unfortunately rapidly spread globally, resulting in COVID-19 Pandemic 2020, as announced by WHO Director-General, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on March 11, 2020.2 It is a viral disease caused by a virus, now known as the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2(SARS-COV-2). Health care professionals, especially oral physicians, are exposed to a higher risk of getting infected with COVID-19 due to close contact with infected patients and with droplets and aerosols generated during routine dental clinical procedures. Due to dentistry’s unique characteristics and a higher risk of transmission of COVID-19 in dental community, oral physicians are imperative to follow exclusive guidelines and protocols to prevent the disease. We identified relevant articles to date using a manual library search, journal publications on the subject, and critically reviewed them.

Keywords: COVID-19, Challenges, Dentistry, Oral Physician, Pandemic, WHO











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