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August 2020 Vol. 8 No.8

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 8(8) pp. 351-360, August, 2020 

Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3996264

Original Research Article

Common Health Complains Among Pilgrims during Manasik El Hajj; Season 1439H (2018)


Fahad A. Alamri1, Anas Khan2, Amerah H. Badokhan4, Fouad N. Abogazalah3, Najla J. Alhraiwil5, Samar A. Amer6*


1Family Medicine Consultant, General Directorate of Virtual medical Consultation, Ministry of Health (MOH), Saudi Arabia (SA)
2Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh Global Center for Mass Gathering Medicine, MOH, SA.
3Family Medicine Consultant, General Directorate of Health Centers Affairs, MOH, SA.
4Head of Health Awareness Department, Head of Clinical Education Department, Public Health Administration Jeddah Health Affairs.
5Public Health Specialist, Deputy of Public Health, MOH, SA.
6Associate Professor of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Public Health Consultant, Deputy of Public Health, MOH, SA.

*Corresponding Author's E-mail: Dr_samar11@yahoo.com
Tel.: 00966561428493 / 00201060045564

Received: 02 August 2020  I  Accepted: 17 August 2020  I  Published: 24 August 2020  I  Article ID: MRJMMS-20-123
Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.




Hajj is one of the biggest mass gatherings across the globe drawing pilgrims from different countries. The pilgrims are vulnerable and require focused medical support. The Saudi authorities spare no effort to ensure a safe and healthy environment during the Hajj. The study aimed to determine the pattern of common health complains during each Manasik of El Hajj Season 1439H, to optimize the health education services allocation during future seasons. it is a cross-sectional study conducted on 1782 Pilgrims pilgrims randomly selected from two main airports (Jeddah and Madinah cities) before departure after the ending of Pilgrims. Data were collected using a well-structured, pretested questionnaire, that consisted of three parts; socio-demographic characteristics, the received health educations (sites, and sources); and the common health complains among pilgrims. The majority of pilgrims were 81.9% aged ≥ 35y, 56.9% were males, and 39.9% had chronic diseases. Out of the 95.7% who had received health education, 93.2% received it inside Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)and 98.4% received it through lectures. 47.3% of Pilgrims developed complains and 6.02% reported multiple complicated disorders. The diseases distributed mainly in Mina 25.2%, Arafat 20.7% and Muzdalifah, 17.2%). The most common health complaints were respiratory tract symptoms 30.0%, 17.7% reported complicated chronic diseases, and 14.4% reported general symptoms. These symptoms significantly occurred among abroad pilgrims (87%), and males. There was a significant difference between sexes at arthritis and complicated chronic disease. Flu is the commonest health problem and Mina is the main site for health complaining. Therefore, it may provide important information for the optimal provision of health education about preventive measurements during the Hajj to ensure that pilgrims now enjoy modern facilities and perform various rites at ease.

Keywords: Disease pattern, Hajj, Health complain, Pilgrims, Saudi Arabia











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