Home About Us Writing a Scientific Article Author's Instruction Contact us



/  /    MRJMMS Home   /   /    About MRJMMS    /  /    Submit Manuscripts    /  /      Call For Articles      / /     Editorial Board     / /    Archive     / /    Author's Guide  /  /


October 2019 Vol. 7 No.10

Other viewing option

Full text
Reprint (PDF) (145 KB)

Search Pubmed for articles by:

Jassam SA
Alrubaey MG

Other links:
PubMed Citation
Related articles in PubMed



Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 7(10) pp. 367-373, October, 2019 

Copyright © 2019 Merit Research Journals
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3506089

Original Research Article

Sleep Disorders; Severity and Factors Associated with it Among End Stage Renal Disease Patients Attending Al-Yarmook Dialysis Centre, Baghdad, Iraq


1Saad Ayid Jassam, *2Waqar Al Kubaisy and 3Mazin Ghazi Alrubaey


1Third Year Student of the Iraqi Board for Medical Specialization in Family Medicine, Baghdad, Iraq
2CommunityMedicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Mutah University, Jordan
3Prof. Dr., Deputy Dean Faculty of Medicine AlMustansyria University, Baghdad, Iraq

*Corresponding Authorís E-mail: waqar_abd@yahoo.co.uk

Accepted October 12, 2019




End stage renal disease (ESRD) could affect many aspects of patientís life including sleep quality. Severe sleep disorders if not detected and managed properly, may in turn exacerbate the patientís condition and increase the mortality rate. Determining the sleep disorders rate, and to assess the severity of sleepiness among ESRD patients is an important issue. A cross-sectional study was conducted in renal dialysis unit at Al-Yarmook Teaching Hospital, in Baghdad, during a five months period. A sample of 150 ESRD patients with undergoing haemodialysis (HD) was collected. Face to face interview was carried-out with each participant, using a reliable and validated questionnaire. This questionnaire containing a nine-item -specific for sleep disorder scale, and eight items that reflect the presence and severity of a sleep disorder using the 24-score Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS). Beside that the socio demographic information was included. The prevalence of sleep disorder was 78.66%. About 30% had moderate to severe sleep disorder, 46% had mild sleep disorders while 24% of patients were normal. Three factors were found to be significantly increasing the risk of sleep disorders. Those were: old age ≥ 50 years (OR = 2.24 95% CI 1.04-4.82), single marital status (OR= 2.81, 95% CI 1.08-7.31), and presence of comorbidity, represented by type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR= 4.04, 95% CI 1.06-15.35) or both DM, and hypertension (OR = 3.23, 95% CI 1.15-9.09). Sleep disorders are very common among patients with ESRD undergoing HD. Old ages (50 years or over) single patients, and the presence of chronic comorbidity, especially DM, are independent risk factors for developing sleep disorders among HD patients.

Keywords: End stage renal disease, Risk factors, Sleep disorders








Merit Research Journals© 2019 || Advertisement | Privacy policy.