December 2018 Vol. 6 No.12
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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical
Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 6(12) pp. 440-448,
Copyright © 2018 Merit Research Journals
Original Research Article
The Effect of educational
program for new mothers about infant abdominal massage and foot
reflexology for decreasing colic at Najran City
Professor of Family Medicine, Najran University
2Assistant Professor of Pediatric Nursing, Najran
*Corresponding Authorís E-mail: email@example.com
Accepted December 17, 2018
massage and foot reflexology is part of a growing trend in a
complementary therapy and is accepted as one of the tools for
Purpose: The purpose of this study was assessing new motherís
knowledge, practice, and attitude towards infant massage and
foot reflexology, planning and implementing the education
program according to new mothersí needs, evaluating the
improvement of new motherís knowledge, practice, and attitude
after program implementations.
Design: A quasi-experimental design was used in this study
Setting: The study was conducted at the outpatient clinic of
University Hospital in Najran at Saudi Arabia.
Sample: Convenience sample from sixty-two new mothers with
infant age from one to four months of age suffering from colic.
Tool: Data was collected through three tools were used.
1-Structured interviewing sheet: It had two parts: a-
Socio-demographic characteristic of the new mothers and their
infant b- An interviewing questionnaire to assess new motherís
knowledge 2- An observation checklist to assess new motherís
practice. 3-Likert scale to assess attitude of new mothers
toward infant abdominal massage and foot reflexology.
Results: The majority of new motherís post program was improved
their knowledge, practice and attitude. A statistically
significant positive correlation was found between total scores
of knowledge, practice, and attitude of new mothers with their
age, education level and working.
Conclusion: The study was concluded that the educational program
for new mothers improved their knowledge, practice, and attitude
towards infant abdominal massage and foot reflexology in
decreasing the infant colic.
Recommendation: Based on the study results it is recommended to
importance of continuing educational program for new mothers
regard infant abdominal massage and foot reflexology as
complementary therapy to decrease infant colic.
Keywords: Infant abdominal massage- foot reflexology- new
mothers- colic Ėeducation program