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January 2017 Vol. 5 No.1

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Yancheva N
Aleksiev I

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 5(1) pp. 001-003, January, 2017 

Copyright © 2017 Merit Research Journals

Short Communication

Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in Bulgarian HIV-infected patients


Nina Yancheva1*, Nina Tsvetkova2, Irina Marinova2, Ivaylo Elenkov1, Tatyana Tchervenyakova1, Maria Nikolova3 and
Ivaylo Aleksiev4


1AIDS Department, Specialized Hospital for Infectious and Parasitic Diseases – Sofia, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria
2National Reference Laboratory of Parasitology, National Institute of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases – Sofia, Bulgaria
3National Reference Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases – Sofia, Bulgaria
4Confirmatory National Laboratory of HIV, National Institute of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases - Sofia, Bulgaria

*Corresponding Author’s Email: dr.yancheva@abv.bg

Accepted December 31, 2016




This study assessed the frequency of intestinal parasites and characterized epidemiological, etiological and clinical variables in 33 HIV-infected Bulgarian patients with dyspeptic symptoms for the past 5-year period. Results were positive for parasitic intestinal infections in 25 % of individuals. All patients had good socioeconomic conditions with basic sanitation, urban dwellings, treated water supply and sewage, good nutritional status. Most of the patients were before starting or at the beginning of cART. Parasites were found at the following frequencies: cryptosporidia (n = 3), Giardia lamblia (n = 3) and Blastocystis hominis (n = 2). The study emphasizes the need to perform stool examinations for the detection of parasites in patients with dyspeptic disorders, particularly, but not exclusively, in patients with diarrhea.

Keywords: cART. HIV/AIDS, Immune suppression, Intestinal parasites






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