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July 2019 Vol.7 No.3

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Ireye F
Jegede J

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Merit Research Journal of Microbiology and Biological Sciences (ISSN: 2408-7076) Vol. 7(3) pp. 042-049, July, 2019

Copyright © 2019 Merit Research Journals
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3356871

Original Research Article

Effect of both Routine and Supplementary Immunization Activities on Oral Polio Vaccine Uptake in Edo State, Nigeria


*1Ireye F., *2Osagie R.N., 2Eyaufe A.A., 1Komakech W., 1Bassey E., 1Ominsi A. and 3Jegede J.


1World Health Organization, Benin-city, Edo State
2Department of Medical Microbiology, Colleague of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma
3Data and systems analytic consult, Medical store road, Benin City

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: faith_ireye@yahoo.com / achael.osagie@yahoo.com

Accepted July 29, 2019




Against the backdrop of poor routine immunization (RI) and high supplemental immunization activities (SIAs) coverage in Edo State, an analysis of data generated from both activities over a three year period was conducted. The data showed of coverage ,75%, 82% and 80% in 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively, against an expected national minimum coverage of 87%. This study compared oral polio immunization plus days (IPDs) data with data generated from the district vaccine data management tool (DVD-MT) used for RI analysis in Edo State over a 3 year period; 2012-14. This is aimed at determining if there is a significant difference in the number of children vaccinated during RI and SIAs. The result showed a statistical significance at P≤ 0.05 in data generated for RI coverage compared to both rounds of SIAs for the 3 years in Edo State and in all the 18 LGAs. The annual OPV uptake was higher during the SIAs than RI for 2012-2014 in the State and in 17 LGAs except 1 LGA (Uhunmwonde) whose RI coverage was higher than the SIAs for the period under review though it was statistically insignificant at P≤ 0.05. The OPV uptake during RI was higher than both rounds of SIAs in 2014 at Ovia North East LGA; this was statistically significant at P≤ 0.05. The percentage coverage of the immunization activities and the year conducted are represented in bar diagrams

Keywords: Oral Polio Vaccine, Uptake, RI vs SIAs




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