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March 2023 Vol. 8 No.1

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Ange EP
Onyenweaku E

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Merit Research Journal of Food Science and Technology (ISSN: 2354-2527) Vol. 8(1) pp. 001-012, March, 2023

Copyright © 2023 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7831734

Original Research Article

Food Consumption Patterns of Households in the North West Region of Cameroon


Ebai Nee Besong Patricia Ange1, Gustave Mabiama1, Eyenga Manga1, Nyangono Biyegue Fernande C1, Winifred Fila Ogah2, Eridiong O Onyenweaku2


1University of Douala, Higher Teacher Training College For Technical Education, P. O. Box 1872 Douala, Cameroon
2Department Of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Science, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author's E-mail: anyingangrol@yahoo.com

Received: 27 February 2023  I  Accepted: 28 March 2022  I  Published: 30 March 2023  I  Article ID: MRJFST23010
Copyright © 2023 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.




This study determined the food consumption pattern and nutritional status of rural households in the North West Region of Cameroon. Multi-stage random sampling was used to select 480 households. Ethical approval/ informed consent were obtained. Structured questionnaires, dietary assessments and focus group discussions provided information on household food consumption pattern and food security. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze collected data and significance at p<0.05 accepted. Data obtained and analyzed showed that 76.5% of households in urban and 100% in rural communities practiced homestead gardening. Medium dietary diversity score was observed in infant and young children 6-59 months of age, women of reproductive age and households in the urban and rural communities. Food intake was adequate in quantity, not quality in both communities. Urban households had moderate food insecurity as compared to the rural households. Severe food insecurity was observed more in rural households as compared to urban households. Corn fufu with huckleberry were the most frequently consumed meals with little or no animal source protein. Protein and B group vitamins intake of respondents in both communities were below the FAO/WHO recommended values while energy, iron, vitamin A and C were in excess for most age groups.

Keywords: Food consumption pattern, Households, Sources of nutrients



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