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April 2020 Vol.6 No.1

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Merit Research Journal of Environmental Science and Toxicology (ISSN: 2350-2266) Vol. 6(1) pp. 031-049, April 2020

Copyright © 2020 Merit Research Journals
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3779288


Leaving no One Behind? Drinking Water Challenge on the Rise in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: A Review


Raimi Morufu Olalekan1,4, Dodeye Eno Omini2, Efegbere Henry Akpojubaro3, Odipe Oluwaseun Emmanuel4, Deinkuro Nimisingha Sanchez5, Babatunde Anu6 and Ochayi Ekoja Owobi7


1&4Department of Community Medicine, Environmental Health Unit, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
2Department of Geography and Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental and Technology, University of the West of England, United Kingdom.
3Department of Community Medicine, Edo University, Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria.
4Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria.
5Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
6Action Against Hunger, Yobe State, Nigeria
7Department of HIV Medicine, Lead ART Clinician (DREAM Clinic) Daughters of Charity Health Care Services of Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital Kubwa, F.C.T Abuja, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author’s Email: ola07038053786@gmail.com

Received: 06 April 2020 I Accepted: 27 April 2020 I Published: 30 April 2020
Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.




Despite having come of age only recently, it would be a truism, but also accurate, to state that only ten (10) years left to accomplish the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), 2020 marks a decade to show action. The decade of action require rapid accelerating sustainable solutions for all the global biggest challenges which is fully embraced in the twenty-first century, as issues of water are gaining new prominence in the Niger Delta as local communities respond to growing public concerns about drinking water pollution, failing infrastructure, and the perceived inability of local, state, MNOCs and federal governments to fix the problems. While contaminated water is becoming a worsening problem of global concern that disproportionately affects many Indigenous communities in the Niger Delta and the access of almost all 210 million Nigerians residents to reliable, safe drinking water distinguishes Nigeria in the twentieth century from that of the nineteenth century; nonetheless, current trends seem to strain water resources over time, especially on a regional basis. Semantically, water being a finite resource having to serve exponentially more people and usages, and so ensuring everyone has access to a reliable supply is crucial to human survival and sustainable progress. However, chemical pollutants in drinking water have been linked to water poverty and to many different adverse health outcomes, including leukaemia, lymphoma, bladder cancer, breast cancer, and reproductive problems. Chemical pollutants remain a problem in countries like Nigeria as each community in the Niger Delta faces threats to their water quality from different sources of pollution, and may benefit from a community-based water-quality monitoring program to better inform them of their water quality. Remarkably, the adoption of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015 marked a new level of political recognition of the importance of water to development. For the first time, this included a target to ensure access to affordable, reliable and sustainable water for all – collectively known as Sustainable Development Goal 6. Therefore, thinking about water should take the concept of multiplicity as an analytic starting point rather than as a revelation.

Keywords: Sustainable Development Goals, Chemical pollutants, Water poverty, Reproductive problems, Niger Delta




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