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April 2020 Vol.8 No.4

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Brisibe WG
Obagah-Stephen RR

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Merit Research Journal of Education and Review (ISSN: 2350-2282) Vol. 8(4) pp. 061-067, April, 2020

Copyright © 2020 Merit Research Journals

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3765868

Original Research Article

Analyzing Presentation Format for Design Development Stages in Architecture Studio


Warebi Gabriel Brisibe* and Ramota Ruth Obagah-Stephen


Department of Architecture, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: brisibe.warebi@ust.edu.ng

Received: 06 April 2020 I Accepted: 19 April 2020 I Published: 25 April 2020
Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.




With the advent and popularization of Computer Aided Design (CAD) tools, students of architecture appear to be gradually losing the art of freehand sketching in developing design concepts, forms and study drawings in the design studio. This is mainly due to the liberalization of rules by most schools of architecture regarding the use of CAD in teaching design studio modules especially during the early formative years of the program. The result is that more students tend to present their design works at the development stages in CAD during crits. Studies have shown that this format of presentation affects the use of freehand sketching amongst students of architecture; however the aim of this study is to know if this format of presentation affects the overall design output of students during final juries. The study is based on a survey of 120 students of architecture from the undergraduate and graduate programmes that are undertaking studio design projects in the Rivers State University, Port-Harcourt. We argue that the format of using freehand sketches in design development stages lead to all round better design outputs when presented at final crit or jury than the use of CAD tools. The results show that while three of these key markers are indicative of the format of presentation the rest of the markers show no bearing to the presentation format. However, the study revealed other issues regarding the effects of the format of presentation that were not in the initial study foresights butare worth discussing.

Keywords: Architecture, CAD, Design output, Freehand Sketching, Presentation Format, Studio













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