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March 2018 Vol. 6 No.3

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Moustafa RA
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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 6(3) pp. 080-088, March, 2018 

Copyright © 2018 Merit Research Journals

Original Research Article

Assessment of Bone Density in Married and Non-Married Female Students of Umm al-Qura University


Dr. Reham A. Moustafa1*, Dr. Haifa H. Hijazi2 and Dr. Doaa R. Nagm1


1Assistant Professor Department of Clinical Nutrition, Collage of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2Associate Professor Department of Clinical Nutrition, Collage of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author’s Email: sunrem2002@yahoo.com
Mobil: 00966597992400

Accepted March 03, 2018




Osteoporosis is a disease that affects many millions of people around the world. A low bone mineral content or density in an older person suggest a sub-optimal bone mass in young adulthood (peak bone mass) or greater bone loss in later life, or both. Aim of the study is to estimate bone density in married and non-married female students and determine major causes to prevalence of osteoporosis in age group (19-25years, 100 participants). The design of this study is Cross-sectional study using a convenience sampling technique. This research was conducted between February 2017 till June 2017. The study was carried out at the female student's site, Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Personal information, Anthropometric measurements, and life style habits, were obtained by closed-ended questions questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed by using computer program (SPSS 16) using chi square test. All obtained results were tabulated. Osteoporosis was observed in 7 participants, 2 single and 5 married females. The main risk factor for Osteoporosis in Umm Al-Qura University was related to oral contraception. 40% and 20%of subjects who take contraception were at risk of osteoporosis and already have osteoporosis with a significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) with them who did not take contraception represented 20.4% and 4.82% respectively. The results of this study found that married women are more susceptible to osteoporosis than non-married. A significant difference between female who take contraception, and who do physical activity in or less than 30 mins, and who didn't expose to sunlight and high prevalence of osteoporosis was observed.

Keywords: Osteoporosis, Fracture, Bone Density, Nutrition, Factors






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