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March 2018 Vol. 6 No.3

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Elfaki NK
Alsunbul F

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 6(3) pp. 121-125, March, 2018 

Copyright © 2018 Merit Research Journals

Original Research Article

Dental Fluorosis Prevails among Primary-Schools' Students in Najran City-Saudi Arabia


Nahid Khalil Elfaki1*, Adil Salim Elsheikh2, Ali A. Assiry3 and Dr. Fayruz Alsunbul4


1Assistant Professor of Community Health Nursing, College of Nursing, Najran University, P. O. Box 1988, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Professor, College of Community, Najran University, P. O. Box 1988, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3Assistant Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Najran University, P. O. Box 1988, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4Lab Specialist; MCH- Jeddah

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: nahid1768@hotmail.com
Tel.: 00966503151008

Accepted March 13, 2018




The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with dental fluorosis among school children in Najran, Saudi Arabia. A multi-stage sample technique was used and 288 girl students from 3 different public primary schools were surveyed and examined for fluorosis. The principal method of data collection was a semi-structured questionnaire beside clinical examination that was guided by Dean's Index. The number of surveyed students with dental fluorosis among the total examined population was 172 (60%) and the most prevailing types were the mild and moderate forms of fluorosis that affect 129 students (44.79%). Statistically, no significant difference was identified among the reported age groups (P-value 0.071), while the fluorosis occurrence was significantly associated with hereditary factors as well as frequency of exposure to toothpastes (fluoride) with P-value 0.001 and 0.012 respectively. Fluorosis was significantly (P<0.05) influenced by family history of fluorosis, drinking water source and abstaining from using fluoride-toothpastes. Dental fluorosis prevails among school children in Najran city and associates with family history of fluorosis, consuming well water and abstaining from using fluoride-toothpastes.

Keywords: Children, Dental fluorosis, Prevalence, Risk factors.






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