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March 2017 Vol. 5 No.3

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Nagah MA
Alanazi AB

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Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 5(3) pp. 171-176, March, 2017 

Copyright © 2017 Merit Research Journals

Original Research Article

Diabetes Mellitus among Elderly Population in Arar City, Northern Saudi Arabia


Nagah Mohamed Abo el-Fetoh1*, Reem Farhan Alenzi2, Reem Salem Matar Alenzi2, Hadil Mohammed Alenezi2, Shahad Lafi Alanazi2, Adhwaa Saud Alruwaili2, Anwar Khalid Alruwaili2, Bader Khalid Alruwaili2, Abdulmajeed Ahmed Alenazi2, Naif Gharbi Alenezi2 and Arwa Bader Alanazi2


1Family and Community Medicine Department faculty of Medicine Northern Border University, Arar, KSA
2Faculty of medicine, northern border university

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: elshmaa3332004@yahoo.com

Accepted March 22, 2017




Elderly are vulnerable group in any population. Determining the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in any community is important to for planning and implementation of control services. Therefore, we conduct this study to determine the prevalence of diabetes among elderly population of Northern Saudi nationals. A cross-sectional study among patients attending a primary health care centers during the period from 1June to 31 October 2016. Elderly participants were interviewed with structured questionnaires to determine the presence of diabetes by questioning for history of the disease, and prescriptions, reports and center records were reviewed to document any diabetic therapies that the patients may have undergone in the past or were undergoing at that time. Of 276 elderly subjects, the mean age (± SD) was 69 (±8.95) years, male to female ratio was 46.7 to 53.3. The total prevalence of diabetes mellitus among the studied elderly population in Arar is 63.0%, 19.5%of cases were irregular with treatment, about third (30.4%) of them were uncontrolled in spite of treatment, diabetic neuropathy was found in 35.0% of cases, diabetic foot in 14.4%, diabetic retinopathy in 43.1% and diabetic nephropathy in 9.1% of cases of diabetes. No significant relation between diabetes and sex, age group and BMI group among the studied elderly (P>0.05). The prevalence of diabetes is high among elderly Saudi population and represents a major clinical and public health problem. A national prevention program to prevent diabetes and address the modifiable risk factors at the community level, targeting elderly population, should be implemented soon.

Keywords: Dabetes mellitus, Population, Disease






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